Some prepositions are just plain cool. Prepositions show the role of a noun phrase. So say we have a noun phrase like “the red man” (it’s a noun “man” modified by “the red”). A preposition shows the role in the sentence that noun phrase has, it could be “on the red man”, “by the red man”, “before the red man” etc.
Some prepositions have a general concept, and this concept can be applied to both time and space. Some of which are:
- antaŭ = before, in front of
- ĉirkaŭ = about, around
- de = of, from, by
- ĝis = until, up to
- inter = between, among
- post = behind, after
For example, “antaŭ”. You can be physically before (in front of) a person or thing. But something can also occur before something else in time (before you ate badgers in the afternoon). Antaŭ would be used in both cases.